December 1: The preliminary report of the 12th National Census conducted from November 11 to 25 is likely to be unveiled within the next three months.
The document is to incorporate details concerning Lipulek, Limpiyadhura and Kalapani as well. Though the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) could not ensure the census in the above mentioned areas physically, it is to feature the details of households and demographic size of the areas by using alternative methods.
According to the director general of the bureau, Nebin Lal Shrestha, they tried diplomatic efforts to reach Limpiyadhura, Kalapani and Lipulek physically for the collection of details, but it was not possible. Now, the collection of details has begun with the use of a technology and the bureau has received cooperation from the locals.
He explained that people only reside in Kuti, Nabhi and Gunji villages in the region. It is estimated that around 300 households are there and the number of estimated population is maximum 800. During winter, the locals move downhill to avoid cold, and they would possibility have meetings with the people of Chhangru and Tinkar in Darchula and could be connected by phone calls. According to the Bureau, the tracking of households is possible through the use of a satellite.
The government had issued a new administrative map on May 18, 2020 incorporating Lipulek, Limpiyadhura and Kalapani areas in Darchula on the basis of various facts and evidences and after various rounds of discussions. The parliament on June 13, 2020 ratified this new map with an overwhelming majority votes and with this decision the areas which India had been occupying were officially included for the first time in Nepal's map. The Coat-of-Arms was amended accordingly.
So, the latest National Census is the first census after incorporating the territories in the map of Nepal and so it has been seen with significance.
The map made public in 1827 by the British Surveyor of India indicates that Kalapani is Nepal's westernmost border front. Surveyors and cartographers claim that the map released by the British Surveyor of India clearly shows that the Kali River that originates from Limpiyadhura marks Nepal's westernmost boundary with India. Kalapani and Lipulek areas lie to the east of this river.
Experts say that in recent times, India has named a stream flowing down from Lipulek as the Kali river and encroached upon the whole area east of the Kali river that flows down from Limpiyadhura.
According to historians, the then Government of Nepal in the past had allowed India to station its security force in the area at the latter's request for defending its territories from the Chinese, and since that time India has continued to occupy the territories belonging to Nepal.
Senior geographer and a scholar on border matters Buddhi Narayan Shrestha asserted that every document before 1860 established that the Kali river originating from Limpiyadhura is the original Kali river. According to him, India has captured the territories of Nepal by publishing a map after that period by naming the stream that flows down from Lipulek as the Kali river.
The Central Bureau of Statistics which conducted the National Census stated that the data from these territories could not be collected directly for the census due to various difficulties but it has started counting the population through several other means.
The main task of the 12th National Census concluded on November 25. -- RSS