Science of Military and Management: A Management Perspective

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--By Suraj Paudel
There are numerous philosophies of organization and management. Every organization follows different ways to manage the organization so as to fulfill their objectives; it may be profit maximization, wealth maximization or service delivery. Excellent management is managing the organization excellently. There is close relationship among management and military practices.
Everywhere there is uncertainty. Uncertainty advances risk or create opportunities; it is like a double-edged sword. Military organizations are always prepared for such uncertainty. They don’t go after philosophy of management rather they employ four basic principles to ensure successful operation. (1) Training, (2) Intelligence (information gathering, competitive analysis, forecasting, and dissemination), (3) Planning, and (4) Standardized Practices.
 Business organizations can follow these guidelines to facilitate improved performance. It is instructive to glance at some remarkable example of Nepalese Army, Armed Police Force and Nepal Police at insurgency, peace keeping missions and disaster management from Terai Flood to High Himalayan Hudhud. Companies can cultivate techniques based on these four practices that achieve superior results by fostering an ability to adapt when market environments change. When properly applied in a corporate culture, these military management techniques can build initiative, creativity, teamwork and leadership. They may give clear insights to the organizations seeking to boost skills in managing uncertainty.
The creation of timely, comprehensive, and structured plans is the hallmark of military operations. Thoughtful planning is just as important to successful organizations. Strategic planners, like military planners, must provide enough information, analysis and detail for a plan to be successful, but not so much that the strategic window passes. Several key aspects of military planning may be instructive to non-military planners.
Management information System was firstly introduced in Military. It provides regular and updated information to the member of the organization in Need to Know Basis (Providing information on the basis of responsibility and job appointment). Separate research or intelligence department or personnel should be deployed for the updates. Intelligence of the environment, the enemy (or competitor), as well as new or emerging developments are central to militaries and most non-military organizations. Good intelligence is the foundation of effective training, planning, and execution.
The best way to ensure that people work efficiently in crisis is to train your people to work under uncertain period. Military trains their troops in group, so every member understands the situation and their responsibility.
Military history provides a great example of the vital importance of standard operating procedures (SOPs). SOPs are the written documents explaining all the activities that need to be done in order to complete a task. Further it clears the objective, responsibility and accountability. It gives direction to your business. It shows the standard format of doing different jobs. Every new member can perform the job as he is experienced one. SOP explains all the activities of operation or programme in detail.
It is clear that competitive organization plans better with authentic information and operates in a uniform manner. Developing the competitive attitude (Human Resource Development) of the employee can be achieved from rigorous training for tough time. These are the best military practices in the world. Business and organization can exercise these principles to boost up their performance in this competitive world.
Suraj Paudel is associated with Armed Police Force. He has done MBA from Apex College in Human Resource Management. He can be contacted at:  [email protected]

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