January 16: Although chaff, straw and husk may seem like waste, they command a respectable position in the international market. These materials are in high demand all across the world for their use in manufacturing paper, generating electricity, animal feed, mattresses, packaging, body armour, natural roofing, organic fertilizers and more.
ITC Trademap shows that the global trade of chaff, straw and husk has increased by 4 percent in the last five years and 34 percent in the last two years. Their global trade stood at US$ 469.6 million (Rs 53.54 billion) in 2018. Out of this, Japan alone imported chaff, straw and husk worth US$ 94.6 million (Rs 10.8 billion).
Nepal too has been exporting these items, albeit in very less quantity. The data with Trade and Export Promotion Centre Nepal show that Nepal exported these materials worth Rs 11,000 in the fiscal year 2018/19. This is a significant drop from 2014/15 when Nepal exported these materials worth Rs 7.2 million.